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An Expert Forensic Investigation System for Detecting Malicious Attacks and Identifying Attackers in Cloud Environment

P. Santra1

1 Criminal Investigation Department, West Bengal, Kolkata, India.

Section:Research Paper, Product Type: Journal
Vol.6 , Issue.5 , pp.1-26, Oct-2018

Online published on Oct 31, 2018

Copyright © P. Santra . This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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Citation :
IEEE Style Citation: P. Santra, “An Expert Forensic Investigation System for Detecting Malicious Attacks and Identifying Attackers in Cloud Environment”, International Journal of Scientific Research in Network Security and Communication, Vol.6, Issue.5, pp.1-26, 2018.

MLA Style Citation: P. Santra "An Expert Forensic Investigation System for Detecting Malicious Attacks and Identifying Attackers in Cloud Environment." International Journal of Scientific Research in Network Security and Communication 6.5 (2018): 1-26.

APA Style Citation: P. Santra, (2018). An Expert Forensic Investigation System for Detecting Malicious Attacks and Identifying Attackers in Cloud Environment. International Journal of Scientific Research in Network Security and Communication, 6(5), 1-26.

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Abstract :
In recent years’ complex and high level computations is done in cloud environment to achieve better performance with low cost. Different large and medium organizations are moving towards cloud computing due to its several trending features. This leads to a drastic increase in cloud services. However, shared on demand characteristic of cloud increases the vulnerability of several security threats. Several security mechanisms and intrusion identification techniques are proposed in the recent years to ensure a better quality of services. But ensuring a complete flawless system is very difficult. So, forensic science or investigation helps in identifying the adversary and collecting proper evidence against the intruder. No traditional digital and network forensic methods are applicable in cloud computing due to its different architectural features compared to a client-server network. A generic forensic model is proposed in this paper for cloud environment. Focus is given on the identification phase of the forensic system because a proper identification of the intruder leads to better forensic evidence generation. A strong fuzzy based expert forensic model “Fuzzy Expert System for Network Log Analysis” and “Expert System for Management Log Analysis” is projected which analyses network and management logs from cloud server for identifying the intruder. A “Forensic Investigation Report” is prepared to serve as a forensic report that will help to smoothly continue the forensic investigation as well as serve as evidence. The proposed model is also simulated in a private cloud environment showing improved accuracy up to ~5.6% over known forensic systems.

Key-Words / Index Term :
Cloud, Forensic, Intrusion, Learning, Network, Association, Attacks

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